White grape vines
The Biancale has an uncertain origin, for many scholars it is a biotype of Trebbiano Toscano while for others it is similar to Bianchello or Biancame.
For the Tuscan Trebbiano vine the origin is common to the other vines of the Trebbiani family, known in Italy since Roman times, its diffusion is mainly that of the central area. Their name derives from “Trebula”, meaning farm (Pliny the Elder describes a “Vinum Trebulanum”, which according to this interpretation, would be for “vino di paese”, or “vino casareccio”).
The Tuscan Trebbiano in France, known as Ugni Blanc, is the basis for the production of Cognac and Armagnac.
For the Bianchello instead the origin seems to be that of the Greek, typical grape of the Campania area. Its production area is wide along the eastern coast of central Italy, in the Rimini area and in the Marche region, especially along the coast and in the adjacent hilly areas. Distinguishing the various clones, which bear a name that often indicates their origin or the most widespread area, is not always so easy.
Biancale is the white variety at the moment, most cultivated in San Marino, very productive grapes, it requires a lot of work in the countryside to limit its yield, cultivated in the areas of Falciano, Serravalle and Faetano.
The budding is late while the harvest takes place between late and mid-September
Wines from the thinned vineyards can be powerful and well structured, fine and fragrant.